Low-cost fabrication of TiO2 nanorod photoelectrode for dye-sensitized solar cell application

Zhang, Wei and Zhu, Rui and Liu, Bin and Ramakrishna, Seeram (2011) Low-cost fabrication of TiO2 nanorod photoelectrode for dye-sensitized solar cell application. Australian Journal of Chemistry, 64 (9). p. 1282. ISSN 0004-9425

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/CH11144

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Abstract

One-dimensional nanostructured semiconductor oxides that can provide a direct electron conduction pathway have received increasing attention as photoelectrodes in dye-sensitized solar cells. In this study, a facile and cost-effective method to produce high-quality TiO2 nanofibres is developed based on an electrospinning technique. In particular, poly(ethylene oxide) was selected and proved to be an excellent matrix polymer for electrospinning owing to its low decomposition temperature, wide availability, and environmental friendliness. In addition to obtaining TiO2 nanofibres with well-controlled morphology and pure anatase, the TiO2 grain size could be easily tuned by changing the preparation conditions. Based on the synthesized TiO2 nanofibres, dye-sensitized solar cells were fabricated and a high energy conversion efficiency of 6.44 % was achieved under illumination with air mass 1.5 (100 mW cm–2) simulated sunlight, which demonstrates the great potential of the synthesized TiO2 nanofibres as efficient photoelectrode material for low-cost dye-sensitized solar cells.

Keywords:TiO2, Nanorod, electrospinning, Dye-sensitized Solar Cell
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F200 Materials Science
F Physical Sciences > F120 Inorganic Chemistry
Divisions:College of Science > School of Chemistry
ID Code:22686
Deposited On:01 Apr 2016 10:53

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