Predicting the response of tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer: stemness protein is invaluable marker

Hussain, Issam and Arif, Khalid and Rea, Carol and El-Sheemy, Mohamed (2013) Predicting the response of tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer: stemness protein is invaluable marker. In: 48th Congress of European Society for Surgical Research ESSR, 29 May - 1 June, Istanbul, Turkey.

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Item Type:Conference or Workshop contribution (Presentation)
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

Introduction: Using Tamoxifen as anti-hormonal therapy, for breast cancer patients who are oestrogen-receptor positive (ER+), .is well reported in significantly improving their survival rate. However, the development of resistance to Tamoxifen limits its clinical benefit, as a primary therapy and disease reoccurrence. This therapeutic failure has revived interest in the breast cancer stem cell (BCSC). Stem cell is known to be resistant to antihormonal therapy. Stemness” genes expression increases in undifferentiated cells and invasive cancer. However, the role of their expression in breast cancer is still poorly defined. The aim of this study, therefore, was to examine the role of stemness proteins in breast cancer cell lines and anti-hormonal therapy resistance.

Method: MCF-7, MCF-7/tamoxifen resistant (TAMR) and MDA-MB238 cells were cultured, with relevant hormonal therapy to calculate ED50 and incubated in 5% CO2 incubator at 37°C. Quantitative and qualitative immunophenotyping of cells was achieved using fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) labelled antibodies reactive with NANOG, SOX2, OCT4 and CD44.

Result: MDA-MB238 cells showed significant expression of NANOG (70%), CD44 (85%) SOX2 (68%) and OCT3-4 (50%) compared with MCF-7(12%, 4%, 15% and 10% respectively). However the MCF-7 TAMR demonstrated lower expression of NANOG (45%), CD44 (60%), SOX2 (60%) and OCT3/4 (55%) compared with MDA-MB238.

Conclusion: Stemness proteins are highly expressed in breast cancer cells resistant to tamoxifen therapy. There is association between the expression of Stemness proteins level and the development and progression of breast cancer resistance to tamoxifen therapy

Keywords:breast cancer, breast cancer stem cell, Stemness” genes
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B131 Cellular Pathology
C Biological Sciences > C130 Cell Biology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
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ID Code:19956
Deposited On:09 Jan 2016 19:45

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