Is digit ratio (2D:4D) a reliable pointer to speech laterality?

Hudson, John and Hodgson, Jessica (2016) Is digit ratio (2D:4D) a reliable pointer to speech laterality? Behavioural Brain Research, 301 . pp. 258-261. ISSN 0166-4328

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Item Type:Article
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Abstract

The relative length of the second and fourth digits (2D:4D ratio) is sexually dimorphic and a retrospective biomarker of prenatal hormonal exposure. Low ratios indicate higher prenatal testosterone (pT) and lower estrogen exposure, whereas the reverse pattern is associated with high ratios. Elevated levels of pT exposure have long been thought to modulate hemispheric specialisation; subsequently many studies use the 2D:4D ratio as a proxy index for pT to examine the effects of prenatal hormonal exposure on lateralised cognitive abilities. Here we used Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and digit ratio to investigate whether pT has an influence on speech laterality. We tested 34 right and 14 left handed adults. Our results indicate that speech representation is unrelated to digit characteristics and therefore purportedly pT. We discuss these findings in relation to androgen theories of lateralisation.

Keywords:digit ratio, functional transcranial doppler, language lateralisation, prenatal testosterone, NotOAChecked
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C850 Cognitive Psychology
B Subjects allied to Medicine > B140 Neuroscience
C Biological Sciences > C830 Experimental Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:19953
Deposited On:10 Jan 2016 20:52

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