Champ or chump? Challenge and threat states during pressurized competition

Moore, L. J. and Wilson, M. R. and Vine, S. J. and Coussens, A. and Freeman, P. (2013) Champ or chump? Challenge and threat states during pressurized competition. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 35 (6). pp. 551-562. ISSN 0895-2779

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Abstract

The present research examined the immediate impact of challenge and threat states on golf performance in both real competition and a laboratory-based task. In study 1, one hundred and ninety-nine experienced golfers reported their evaluations of competition demands and personal coping resources before a golf competition. Evaluating the competition as a challenge (i.e., sufficient resources to cope with demands) was associated with superior performance. In study 2, sixty experienced golfers randomly received challenge or threat manipulation instructions and then performed a competitive golf putting task. Challenge and threat states were successfully manipulated and the challenge group outperformed the threat group. Furthermore, the challenge group reported less anxiety, more facilitative interpretations of anxiety, less conscious processing, and displayed longer quiet eye durations. However, these variables failed to mediate the group-performance relationship. These studies demonstrate the importance of considering pre-performance psychophysiological states when examining the influence of competitive pressure on motor performance.

Keywords:Demand/resource evaluations, emotions, conscious processing, quiet eye, kinematics, muscle activity, bmjconvert
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C600 Sports Science
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Sport and Exercise Science
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ID Code:19742
Deposited On:05 Dec 2015 19:00

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