A novel MMP12 locus Is associated with large artery atherosclerotic stroke Using a genome-wide age-at-onset informed approach

Frayling, Timothy M. and Traylor, Matthew and Mäkelä, Kari-Matti and Kilarski, Laura L. and Holliday, Elizabeth G. and Devan, William J. and Nalls, Mike A. and Wiggins, Kerri L. and Zhao, Wei and Cheng, Yu-Ching and Achterberg, Sefanja and Malik, Rainer and Sudlow, Cathie and Bevan, Steve and Raitoharju, Emma and Oksala, Niku and Thijs, Vincent and Lemmens, Robin and Lindgren, Arne and Slowik, Agnieszka and Maguire, Jane M. and Walters, Matthew and Algra, Ale and Sharma, Pankaj and Attia, John R. and Boncoraglio, Giorgio B. and Rothwell, Peter M. and de Bakker, Paul I. W. and Bis, Joshua C. and Saleheen, Danish and Kittner, Steven J. and Mitchell, Braxton D. and Rosand, Jonathan and Meschia, James F. and Levi, Christopher and Dichgans, Martin and Lehtimäki, Terho and Lewis, Cathryn M. and Markus, Hugh S. (2014) A novel MMP12 locus Is associated with large artery atherosclerotic stroke Using a genome-wide age-at-onset informed approach. PLoS Genetics, 10 (7). e1004469. ISSN 1553-7390

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004469

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Abstract

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have begun to identify the common genetic component to ischaemic stroke (IS). However, IS has considerable phenotypic heterogeneity. Where clinical covariates explain a large fraction of disease risk, covariate informed designs can increase power to detect associations. As prevalence rates in IS are markedly affected by age, and younger onset cases may have higher genetic predisposition, we investigated whether an age-at-onset informed approach could detect novel associations with IS and its subtypes; cardioembolic (CE), large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) and small vessel disease (SVD) in 6,778 cases of European ancestry and 12,095 ancestry-matched controls. Regression analysis to identify SNP associations was performed on posterior liabilities after conditioning on age-at-onset and affection status. We sought further evidence of an association with LAA in 1,881 cases and 50,817 controls, and examined mRNA expression levels of the nearby genes in atherosclerotic carotid artery plaques. Secondly, we performed permutation analyses to evaluate the extent to which age-at-onset informed analysis improves significance for novel loci. We identified a novel association with an MMP12 locus in LAA (rs660599; p = 2.5×10−7), with independent replication in a second population (p = 0.0048, OR(95% CI) = 1.18(1.05–1.32); meta-analysis p = 2.6×10−8). The nearby gene, MMP12, was significantly overexpressed in carotid plaques compared to atherosclerosis-free control arteries (p = 1.2×10−15; fold change = 335.6). Permutation analyses demonstrated improved significance for associations when accounting for age-at-onset in all four stroke phenotypes (p<0.001). Our results show that a covariate-informed design, by adjusting for age-at-onset of stroke, can detect variants not identified by conventional GWAS.

Keywords:Stroke, Genetics, NotOAChecked
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C431 Medical Genetics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:19439
Deposited On:10 Nov 2015 15:32

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