Satisfaction with life in psychosis: clinical examination of the four-dimensional model of happiness and psychological distress amongst individuals diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia

Mankiewicz, Pawel D. (2010) Satisfaction with life in psychosis: clinical examination of the four-dimensional model of happiness and psychological distress amongst individuals diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia. DClinPsy thesis, University of Lincoln.

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Satisfaction with life in psychosis: clinical examination of the four-dimensional model of happiness and psychological distress amongst individuals diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia
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Abstract

The positive psychology movement has grown out of recognition of an imbalance in medically oriented clinical psychology that focuses on studies of disorder and psychological damage. The movement aspires to encourage research in neglected areas of positive human experience. Also, the beginning of the positive clinical psychology faction has been announced. It aims to extend the scope of positive psychology research and practice onto individuals with psychological difficulties. Understanding and facilitating happiness is the core objective of positive psychology.
In the present research, a correlational study examined the suppositions of the four-dimension model of happiness and psychological distress amongst people experiencing psychosis. The study‟s objective was to check how emotional distress resulting from psychosis affects the individuals‟ satisfaction with life. Forty-seven individuals with diagnoses of paranoid schizophrenia completed self report measures of psychoticism, paranoid ideation, depression and anxiety (Brief Symptom Inventory), positive affect (Bradburn‟s Affect Balance Scale), and life satisfaction (Satisfaction With Life Scale). Correlational patterns of the four-dimension model of subjective wellbeing and psychological distress were replicated with people with experiences of psychosis. However, although the levels of depression and anxiety were clearly elevated in comparison with general population norms, the levels of positive affect remained similar to those in general public, and the average life satisfaction appeared only slightly decreased.
Extended statistical analysis was conducted and the series of mediation analyses were carried out to examine whether the levels of depression, anxiety, and positive affect mediated the relationship between psychosis related distress and the individuals‟ satisfaction with life. The data were consistent with the dominant, indirect-only mediating role of depression. Possible explanations for the findings are proposed, and clinical and ethical implications from the applied positive psychology perspective are suggested. Study limitations are discussed and recommendations for future research are made.

Keywords:Psychosis, four-dimensional model of happiness, Psychological distress, Paranoid schizophrenia, Depression
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C840 Clinical Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:18945
Deposited On:07 Oct 2015 13:41

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