The plasticity of adolescent cognitions: data from a novel cognitive bias modification training task

Lau, Jennifer Y. F. and Molyneaux, Emma and Telman, Machteld D. and Belli, Stefano (2011) The plasticity of adolescent cognitions: data from a novel cognitive bias modification training task. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 42 (6). pp. 679-693. ISSN 0009-398X

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Abstract

Many adult anxiety problems emerge in adolescence. Investigating how adolescent anxiety arises and abates is critical for understanding and preventing adult psychiatric problems. Drawing threat interpretations from ambiguous material is linked to adolescent anxiety but little research has clarified the causal nature of this relationship. Work in adults using Cognitive Bias Modification of Interpretations (CBM-I) training show that manipulating negative interpretational style alters negative affect. Conversely, 'boosting' positive interpretations improves affect. Here, we extend CBM-I investigations to adolescents. Thirty-nine adolescents (13-18 years), varying in trait anxiety and self-efficacy, were randomly allocated to receive positive or negative training. Training-congruent differences emerged for subsequent interpretation style. Induced negative biases predicted a decline in positive affect in low self-efficacious adolescents only. Tentatively, our data suggest that cognitive biases predict adolescent affective symptoms in vulnerable individuals. The acquisition of positive cognitions through training has implications for prevention

Keywords:anxiety, interpretation style, cognitive bias modification training
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C850 Cognitive Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C830 Experimental Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C820 Developmental Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:18846
Deposited On:28 Sep 2015 10:46

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