Cue-induced smoking urges deplete cigarette smokers' self-control resources

Hagger, Martin S. and Leaver, Eamonn and Esser, Kerstin and Leung, Chung-Ming and Te Pas, Nina and Keatley, David A. and Chan, Derwin K-C and Chatzisarantis, Nikos L. D. (2013) Cue-induced smoking urges deplete cigarette smokers' self-control resources. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 46 (3). pp. 394-400. ISSN 0883-6612

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

Background: Exposure to smoking-related cues leads to increased urge to smoke in regular cigarette smokers and resisting these urges requires considerable self-control. Purpose: Adopting a resource depletion model, two studies tested the hypothesis that resisting smoking urges depletes self-control resources. Methods: Adopting a within-participants randomized cross-over design, participants (study 1, N = 19; study 2, N = 32) were exposed to smoking-related (study 1: smoking images; study 2: cigarette cue-exposure task) and neutral (study 1: neutral images; study 2: drinking-straw task) cues with presentation order randomized. After each cue set, participants completed self-control tasks (study 1: handgrip task; study 2: handgrip and Stroop tasks), performance on which constituted dependent measures of self-control. Results: Self-control task performance was significantly impaired when exposed to smoking-related cues compared to neutral cues. No significant presentation-order effects, or interaction effects between stimulus and presentation order, were found. Conclusions: Findings corroborate our hypothesis that resisting smoking urges depletes cigarette smokers' self-control resources and suggests that self-control capacity is governed by a limited resource. © 2013 The Society of Behavioral Medicine.

Keywords:Strength model, Self-regulation, Tobacco, Smoking urge, Dual-task procedure
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C841 Health Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
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ID Code:18775
Deposited On:18 Sep 2015 11:03

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