Self-control, self-regulation, and doping in sport: a test of the strength-energy model

Chan, Derwin K. C. and Lentillon-Kaestner, Vanessa and Dimmock, James A. and Donovan, Robert J. and Keatley, David A. and Hardcastle, Sarah J. and Hagger, Martin S. (2015) Self-control, self-regulation, and doping in sport: a test of the strength-energy model. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 37 (2). pp. 199-206. ISSN 0895-2779

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Abstract

We applied the strength-energy model of self-control to understand the relationship between self-control and young athletes' behavioral responses to taking illegal performance-enhancing substances, or "doping." Measures of trait self-control, attitude and intention toward doping, intention toward, and adherence to, doping-avoidant behaviors, and the prevention of unintended doping behaviors were administered to 410 young Australian athletes. Participants also completed a "lollipop" decision-making protocol that simulated avoidance of unintended doping. Hierarchical linear multiple regression analyses revealed that self-control was negatively associated with doping attitude and intention, and positively associated with the intention and adherence to doping-avoidant behaviors, and refusal to take or eat the unfamiliar candy offered in the "lollipop" protocol. Consistent with the strength-energy model, athletes with low self-control were more likely to have heightened attitude and intention toward doping, and reduced intention, behavioral adherence, and awareness of doping avoidance. © 2015 Human Kinetics, Inc.

Keywords:sport medicine, Sports psychology, Physical performance, JCNotOpen
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C600 Sports Science
C Biological Sciences > C890 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
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ID Code:18770
Deposited On:02 Mar 2016 16:42

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