Dominion cartoon satire as trench culture narratives: complaints, endurance and stoicism

Chapman, Jane and Ellin, Dan (2015) Dominion cartoon satire as trench culture narratives: complaints, endurance and stoicism. In: The British Empire and the First World War. Routledge. ISBN 9781138932197

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Abstract

Although Dominion soldiers’ Great War field publications are relatively well known, the way troops created cartoon multi-panel formats in some of them has been neglected as a record of satirical social observation. Visual narrative humour provides a ‘bottom-up’ perspective for journalistic observations that in many cases capture the spirit of the army in terms of stoicism, buoyed by a culture of internal complaints. Troop concerns expressed in the early comic strips of Australians, Canadians, New Zealanders and British were similar. They shared a collective editorial purpose of morale boosting among the ranks through the use of everyday narratives that elevated the anti-heroism of the citizen soldier, portrayed as a transnational everyman in the service of empire. The regenerative value of disparagement humour provided a redefinition of courage as the very act of endurance on the Western Front.

Keywords:Australian, New Zealander, Trench culture, Cartoons, Trench newspapers, Humour, Courage, Western Front, Canadian
Subjects:T Eastern, Asiatic, African, American and Australasian Languages, Literature and related subjects > T830 Australasian Society and Culture studies
L Social studies > L252 War & Peace studies
T Eastern, Asiatic, African, American and Australasian Languages, Literature and related subjects > T800 Australasian studies
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V145 Modern History 1900-1919
W Creative Arts and Design > W990 Creative Arts and Design not elsewhere classified
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V220 European History
W Creative Arts and Design > W110 Drawing
W Creative Arts and Design > W220 Illustration
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V260 Australasian History
L Social studies > L214 Nationalism
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V320 Social History
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V231 Canadian History
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V210 British History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P500 Journalism
Divisions:College of Arts > School of English & Journalism > School of English & Journalism (Journalism)
ID Code:17885
Deposited On:17 Jul 2015 13:14

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