Automated driving and autonomous functions on road vehicles

Gordon, T. J. and Lidberg, M. (2015) Automated driving and autonomous functions on road vehicles. Vehicle System Dynamics, 53 (7). pp. 958-994. ISSN 0042-3114

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Abstract

In recent years, road vehicle automation has become an important and popular topic for research
and development in both academic and industrial spheres. New developments received
extensive coverage in the popular press, and it may be said that the topic has captured the
public imagination. Indeed, the topic has generated interest across a wide range of academic,
industry and governmental communities, well beyond vehicle engineering; these include computer
science, transportation, urban planning, legal, social science and psychology. While this
follows a similar surge of interest – and subsequent hiatus – of Automated Highway Systems
in the 1990’s, the current level of interest is substantially greater, and current expectations
are high. It is common to frame the new technologies under the banner of “self-driving cars”
– robotic systems potentially taking over the entire role of the human driver, a capability that
does not fully exist at present. However, this single vision leads one to ignore the existing
range of automated systems that are both feasible and useful. Recent developments are underpinned
by substantial and long-term trends in “computerisation” of the automobile, with
developments in sensors, actuators and control technologies to spur the new developments in
both industry and academia. In this paper we review the evolution of the intelligent vehicle
and the supporting technologies with a focus on the progress and key challenges for vehicle
system dynamics. A number of relevant themes around driving automation are explored in
this article, with special focus on those most relevant to the underlying vehicle system dynamics.
One conclusion is that increased precision is needed in sensing and controlling vehicle
motions, a trend that can mimic that of the aerospace industry, and similarly benefit from
increased use of redundant by-wire actuators.

Keywords:Self-driving cars, Vehicle automation, Intelligent control, Active safety, Collision avoidance, Vehicle sensors, Driver-vehicle interaction, bmjgoldcheck, NotOAChecked
Subjects:H Engineering > H330 Automotive Engineering
Divisions:College of Science > School of Engineering
ID Code:17183
Deposited On:17 Apr 2015 10:01

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