Lipidomic analysis of human tear fluid reveals structure-specific lipid alterations in dry eye syndrome

Lam, S. M. and Tong, L. and Reux, B. and Duan, X. and Petznick, A. and Yong, S. S. and Khee, C. B. S. and Lear, M. J. and Wenk, M. R. and Shui, G. (2014) Lipidomic analysis of human tear fluid reveals structure-specific lipid alterations in dry eye syndrome. The Journal of Lipid Research, 55 (2). pp. 299-306. ISSN 0022-2275

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1194/jlr.P041780

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Abstract

As current diagnostic markers for dry eye syndrome (DES) are lacking in both sensitivity and specifi city, a pressing concern exists to develop activity markers that closely align with the principal axes of disease progression. In this study, a comprehensive lipidomic platform designated for analysis of the human tear lipidome was employed to characterise changes in tear lipid compositions from a cohort of 93 subjects of different clinical subgroups classified based on the presence of dry eye symptoms and signs. Positive correlations were observed between the tear levels of cholesteryl sulfates and glycosphingolipids with physiological secretion of tears, which indicated the possible lacrimal (instead of meibomian) origin of these lipids. Notably, we found wax esters of low molecular masses and those containing saturated fatty acyl moieties were specifi dally reduced with disease and signifi cantly correlated with various DES clinical parameters such as ocular surface disease index, tear breakup time, and Schirmer’s I test (i.e., both symptoms and signs). These structure-specific changes in tear components with DES could potentially serve as unifying indicators of disease symptoms and signs. In addition, the structurally-specifi c aberrations in tear lipids reported here were found in patients with or without aqueous deficiency, suggesting a common pathology for both DES subtypes.

Keywords:Lipids, Diagnostic markers, Dry eye syndrome, JCOpen
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F180 Analytical Chemistry
Divisions:College of Science > School of Chemistry
ID Code:17130
Deposited On:23 Apr 2015 13:27

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