Boosting vision through combined perceptual learning and non-invasive transcranial random noise stimulation

Camilleri, Rebecca and Pavan, Andrea and Veronese, Antonella and Giudice, Giuseppe Lo and Campana, Gianluca (2015) Boosting vision through combined perceptual learning and non-invasive transcranial random noise stimulation. Brain Stimulation, 8 (2). p. 319. ISSN 1935-861X

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Abstract

Introduction

Perceptual learning has been shown to produce an improvement of visual functions such as an increase of visual acuity and contrast sensitivity both in participants with cortical visual defects such as amblyopia as well as refractive defects such as myopia or presbyopia. Additionally, transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS), a type of alternating current stimulation, has proven to be efficacious in accelerating neural plasticity and boosting visual perceptual learning in healthy participants. This work investigates whether a short visual behavioural training regime using a contrast detection task, combined with online hf-tRNS, is more effective than the training plus sham stimulation, or stimulation alone, in improving visual functions (VA and CS) in participants with visual defects, specifically: mild myopia and amblyopia.

Method

A battery of tests measuring visual functions was administered prior to (pre-test) and following the training (post-test). Eight consecutive training sessions on a contrast detection task (combined or not with tRNS) were undertaken by the participants. A third group of participants in the myopia group underwent solely brain stimulation, in the absence of any visual training.

Results

The experimental groups (tRNS + PL) reached a larger improvement, with respect to the control groups, in both VA (mean improvement of 0.18 LogMAR) and CS at intermediate spatial frequencies.

Conclusions

These results suggest that neuromodulatory techniques can boost perceptual learning and its generalization to non-trained visual functions, strongly reducing the duration of behavioural trainings needed to improve sight in people both with non-corrected refractive defects as well as with cortical visual defects such as amblyopia.

Additional Information:Abstracts from the 1st International Brain Stimulation Conference
Keywords:Vision, Noise stimulation, Perceptual learning, bmjgoldcheck, NotOAChecked
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C850 Cognitive Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
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ID Code:17044
Deposited On:17 Apr 2015 12:47

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