Gender differences in identities and their socio-structural correlates: how gendered lives shape parental and work identities

Gaunt, Ruth and Scott, Jacqueline (2017) Gender differences in identities and their socio-structural correlates: how gendered lives shape parental and work identities. Journal of Family Issues . ISSN 0192-513X

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

This study draws on identity theory to explore parental and work identities. It examined gender differences in identities, as well as the moderating role of gender in the effects of individuals’ socio-structural characteristics. A sample of 148 couples with young children completed extensive questionnaires. As hypothesized, couples’ paid work strategy moderated gender differences in the salience and centrality of parental and work identities. Whereas significant differences in identities were found between stay-at-home mothers and their breadwinning husbands, no differences were found among dual-earner couples. Moreover, men’s work identity centrality increased when they had more and younger children, whereas women’s work identity centrality decreased. Finally, men’s parental identity centrality increased with their income, whereas women’s parental identity centrality decreased the more they earned. These findings attest to the importance of examining differences within as well as between genders, by taking into account the interactive effects of gender with other socio-structural characteristics.

Keywords:gender differences, parental identity, work and family, self-concept, bmjconvert
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C880 Social Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:16342
Deposited On:05 Nov 2015 19:26

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