Care concept in medical and nursing students' descriptions: philosophical approach and implications for medical education

Dobrowolska, Beata and Slusarska, Barbara and Zarzycka, Danuta and Mcgonagle, Ian and Pawlikowski, Jakub and Cuber, Tomasz (2014) Care concept in medical and nursing students' descriptions: philosophical approach and implications for medical education. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 21 (4). pp. 854-860. ISSN 1232-1966

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/12321966.1129946

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Care concept in medical and nursing students' descriptions - Philosophical approach and implications for medical education
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Abstract

Introduction. Care is seen as something that is peculiar to the medical sciences but its meaning and status for physicians and nurses differs. Objectives. The aim of this research was to learn how nursing and medical students understand and define care, and how their definition and views on their practice of caring change as they advance through their studies. Material and methods. The study was conducted among two groups of students: before and after their first practicum (n=102). Analysis of the students' answers was carried out using Colaizzi's phenomenological descriptive methodology, which means that a qualitative approach was used. Results. The qualitative analysis shows that the medical and nursing students define care in the same way, using 9 main categories: compassion, commitment, competence, confidence, conscience, communication, patience, courage and support. The nursing students viewed their caring to be within both practical and emotional dimensions and this was a core feature of their identity as nurses. Medical students, on the other hand, viewed the practical dimension of care as an additional activity. All the students in the study underlined the importance of having time to care and showed that, for them, 'time' in this context has a moral meaning. What was interesting to the research team centered on the initial attitudes to 'caring' from both medical and nursing students. Conclusions. We found that students of both nursing and medicine do not begin their studies with different attitudes and concepts of care. However, after their initial exposure to practical placements a process begins which forges different identities around the concept of care. This implies trends in the division of professional roles during their initial education.

Keywords:Philosophy of medicine, Care concept, Emotional care, Practical care, Nursing students, medical student, Identity theory, NotOAChecked
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B700 Nursing
X Education > X900 Others in Education
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Health & Social Care
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ID Code:16299
Deposited On:18 Dec 2014 11:30

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