Barriers to local residents’ participation in community-based tourism: lessons from Houay Kaeng Village in Laos

Kim, Sangkyun and Park, Eerang and Phandanouvong, Toulakham (2014) Barriers to local residents’ participation in community-based tourism: lessons from Houay Kaeng Village in Laos. In: 4th International Conference on Tourism Research (4ICTR), 9-11 December 2014, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.

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Abstract

This study aims to identify the barriers to local residents’ participation in the process of community-based tourism planning and development in a developing country. Focusing on the case of Houay Kaeng Village in Sayabouly Province, Laos, a qualitative exploratory study was conducted by adopting in-depth interviews with the various levels of local community’s members. The key barriers to local community participation identified in this research include: (1) low education levels and lack of knowledge about tourism; (2) poor living conditions and lack of financial support; (3) busy daily routine and lack of time for tourism participation; (4) local community’s perception of tourism as a seasonal business with low income; and (5) power disparities, institutional disincentives and local’s distrust in authorities. The results suggest that only a small number of the local residents in the village were satisfied with their current and on-going participation expressing their strong willingness to continue in participating in the process of tourism planning and development, whereas a large group of the residents were not willing to do it at all in the future. The paper further discusses implications for the government and communities in regard to community-based sustainable tourism development.

Keywords:Community-based tourism, Barriers, Laos, Developing countries
Subjects:N Business and Administrative studies > N840 International Tourism
N Business and Administrative studies > N800 Tourism, Transport and Travel
Divisions:Lincoln International Business School
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ID Code:16277
Deposited On:14 Dec 2014 20:06

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