Order-specific and non-specific motion responses in the human visual system

Mather, George and Murdoch, Linda (1997) Order-specific and non-specific motion responses in the human visual system. Vision Research, 37 (5). pp. 605-611. ISSN 0042-6989

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0042-6989(96)00157-5

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Abstract

A series of experiments measured direction discrimination in two-frame random block kinematograms. Blocks were presented against a uniform grey background, and were filled either with uniform grey (darker or brighter than the background; first-order blocks) or with random microtexture (isoluminant with the background; second-order blocks). Experiment 1 found that when blocks maintained their order from frame to frame, performance declined from near-perfect to chance levels as block displacement increased. When blocks switched order between frames, performance was generally worse (65-75 correct at best), but still above chance levels. Results from control experiments established that it is important to remove intensity cues in second-order patterns using a psychophysical technique, and that above-chance responses with order-switching patterns persisted, even when such intensity cues were removed or randomised. The last experiment measured the effects of block density manipulation. First-order and second-order patterns showed the same decline in D(max) performance as pattern density increased, and results from patterns containing a mixture of first- and second-order blocks could be predicted from performance obtained with each set of blocks presented separately, except at very low densities. It is concluded that both order-specific and non-specific responses are available during motion analysis, but order-specific responses tend to predominate.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:article, cineradiography, clinical trial, controlled clinical trial, controlled study, human, human experiment, motion, movement perception, normal human, performance, priority journal, psychophysics, visual system, Humans, Light, Motion Perception
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B140 Neuroscience
C Biological Sciences > C830 Experimental Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:16124
Deposited By: George Mather
Deposited On:03 Dec 2014 13:55
Last Modified:03 Dec 2014 13:55

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