Personality disorder, temperament, and childhood adversity: findings from a cohort of prisoners in England and Wales

Roberts, Amanda and Yang, Min and Zhang, Tianqiang and Coid, Jeremy (2008) Personality disorder, temperament, and childhood adversity: findings from a cohort of prisoners in England and Wales. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 19 (4). pp. 460-483. ISSN 1478-9949

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14789940801936597

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Personality disorder, temperament, and childhood adversity

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Abstract

Adverse childhood experiences and childhood temperamental features are known to contribute to the development of personality disorder. The aim of this study was to examine associations between personality disorder, childhood temperament, adverse childhood experiences, and victimisation. The Prisoner Cohort Study was carried out as part of the dangerous and severe personality disorder (DSPD) service development programme commissioned by the Home Office. The study comprised 1396 male offenders interviewed with the Structured Clinical Interview (SCID II) to diagnose personality disorders in addition to reveal selfreported experiences of childhood victimisation and disadvantage. Independent and joint relationships were examined between reported temperament and adverse childhood experiences and Axis II disorders measured at interview. Prisoners with personality disorder reported
adverse childhood experiences and victimisation more frequently than those with no personality disorder. Different childhood experiences were interrelated with specific personality disorder categories. Associations
between temperamental features and specific personality disorders were increased by the addition of adverse childhood experiences (joint effects). A difficult temperament and childhood adversity increase the likelihood of personality disorder in prisoners and may be risk factors to target for future early intervention.

Keywords:adverse childhood experiences;, childhood temperament, personality disorder, victimisation, prisoners
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C890 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:15807
Deposited On:27 Oct 2014 10:13

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