Form and metabolic scaling in colonial animals

Hartikainen, Hanna and Humphries, Stuart and Okamura, Beth (2014) Form and metabolic scaling in colonial animals. Journal of Experimental Biology, 217 (5). pp. 779-786. ISSN 0022-0949

Full content URL: http://jeb.biologists.org/content/217/5/779

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Form and metabolic scaling in colonial animals

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Abstract

Benthic colonial organisms exhibit a wide variation in size and shape and provide excellent model systems for testing the predictions of models that describe the scaling of metabolic rate with organism size. We tested the hypothesis that colony form will influence metabolic scaling and its derivatives by characterising metabolic and propagule production rates in three species of freshwater bryozoans that vary in morphology and module organisation and which demonstrate twoand three-dimensional growth forms. The results were evaluated with respect to predictions from two models for metabolic scaling. Isometric metabolic scaling in two-dimensional colonies supported predictions of a model based on dynamic energy budget theory (DEB) and not those of a model based on fractally branching supply networks. This metabolic isometry appears to be achieved by equivalent energy budgets of edge and central modules, in one species (Cristatella mucedo) via linear growth and in a second species (Lophopus crystallinus) by colony fission. Allometric scaling characterised colonies of a three-dimensional species (Fredericella sultana), also providing support for the DEB model. Isometric scaling of propagule production rates for C. mucedo and F. sultana suggests that the number of propagules produced in colonies increases in direct proportion with the number of modules within colonies. Feeding currents generated by bryozoans function in both food capture and respiration, thus linking metabolic scaling with dynamics of selfshading and resource capture. Metabolic rates fundamentally dictate organismal performance (e.g. growth, reproduction) and, as we show here, are linked with colony form. Metabolic profiles and associated variation in colony form should therefore influence the outcome of biotic interactions in habitats dominated by colonial animals and may drive patterns of macroevolution. © 2014. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd | The Journal of Experimental Biology.

Keywords:Bryozoa, Coloniality, Isometry, Modularity, Phylactolaemata, Respiration rate, JCOpen
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C162 Freshwater Biology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
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ID Code:15246
Deposited On:03 Oct 2014 11:05

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