Repression of inflammatory gene expression in human pulmonary epithelial cells by small-molecule IκB kinase inhibitors

Newton, Robert and Holden, Neil S. and Catley, Matthew C. and Oyelusi, Wale and Leigh, Richard and Proud, David and Barnes, Peter J. (2007) Repression of inflammatory gene expression in human pulmonary epithelial cells by small-molecule IκB kinase inhibitors. The journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 321 (2). pp. 734-42. ISSN 0022-3565

Full content URL: http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/321/2/734.fu...

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Repression of inflammatory gene expression in human pulmonary epithelial cells by small-molecule IκB kinase inhibitors

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Abstract

The airway epithelium is critical in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory diseases, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and, by expressing numerous inflammatory genes, plays a prominent role in disease exacerbations. Since inflammatory gene expression often involves the transcription factor nuclear factor (NF)-κB, this signaling pathway represents a site for anti-inflammatory intervention. As the airway epithelium is targeted by inhaled therapeutic agents, for example corticosteroids, human A549 pulmonary cells and primary human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells were selected to evaluate inhibitor of κB kinase (IKK) inhibitors. In A549 cells, interleukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α increased phosphorylation of IκBα, and this was followed by loss of IκBα, induction of NF-κB DNA binding, and the induction of NF-κB-dependent transcription. These events were repressed by the IKK-selective inhibitors, PS-1145 [N-(6-chloro-9H-β-carbolin-8-ly) nicotinamide] and ML120B [N-(6-chloro-7-methoxy-9H-β-carbolin-8-yl)-2- methyl-nicotinamide]. Inhibition of NF-βB-dependent transcription was concentration-dependent and correlated with loss of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 expression. Similarly, IL-1β- and TNFα-induced expression of IL-6, IL-8, granulocyte macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), regulated and activation normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), growth-related oncogene α, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) was also significantly repressed. Likewise, PS-1145 and ML120B profoundly reduced NF-κB-dependent transcription induced by IL-1β and TNFα in primary HBE cells. Parallel effects on ICAM-1 expression and a significant repression of IL-8 release were observed. In contrast, the corticosteroid, dexamethasone, was without effect on NF-κB-dependent transcription or the expression of ICAM-1. The above data provide strong support for an anti-inflammatory effect of IKK2 inhibitors acting on the pulmonary epithelium and suggest that such compounds may prove beneficial in situations where traditional corticosteroid therapies prove inadequate. Copyright © 2007 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.

Keywords:Epithelial cells, gene expression regulation, Heterocyclic compounds, I-kappa B Kinase, interleukin 1beta, interleukin 6, interleukin 8, NF-kappa B
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B210 Pharmacology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:15128
Deposited On:21 Nov 2014 12:00

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