Long-term effects of an exercise and Mediterranean diet intervention in the vascular function of an older, healthy population

Klonizakis, Markos and Alkhabit, Ahmad and Middleton, Geoff (2014) Long-term effects of an exercise and Mediterranean diet intervention in the vascular function of an older, healthy population. Microvascular Research, 95 . pp. 103-107. ISSN 0026-2862

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Abstract

Background: Preserving endothelial function and microvascular integrity is suggested to reduce cardiovascular disease risk. It was recently shown that the age-dependent decline in endothelial and microvascular integrity may be reversed when combining exercise with Mediterraneandiet (MD) in an 8-week intervention.Thepresent study investigates whether the risk-reduction improvement in microcirculatory and cardiorespiratory functions are sustained in this age-group after a 1-year follow-up.
Design and methods: Twenty sedentary healthy participants (age, 55 ± 4 years) from the original study underwent cardiopulmonary exercise tolerance test and were assessed for their upper- and lower-limb vascular endothelial cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) using laser Doppler fluximetry (LDF) with endothelium- dependent [ACh (acetylcholinechloride)] andendothelium-independent [SNP (sodium nitroprusside)] vasodila- tion, 1 year after completing the intervention.
Results: Both MD and exercise groups appeared to have an improved microvascular responses, in comparison to baseline as far as ACh is concerned. Exploring the interactions between the time point and the original group, however, revealed a stronger improvement in the MD group in comparison to the exercise group, for ACh (p = 0.04, d = 0.41). In the upper body, the time point and group interaction for ACh, indicated a better im- provement for MD, without however statistical significance (p = 0.07, d = 0.24). Additionally, cardiorespiratory improvement in ventilatory threshold was maintained, 1 year after (12.2 ± 3.0 vs. 13.2 ± 3.2 ml ∙kg− 1 ∙ min− 1, p b 0.05).
Conclusions: The original improvements from an 8-week exercise and MD intervention were still evident, partic- ularly inthe microcirculatory and cardiorespiratory assessments, 1 year after theinitial study.This suggests that a brief intervention combining MD with exercise in this high-risk group promises long-term health benefits.

Keywords:Microcirculation, Nutrition, Endothelium, Ageing, Mediterranean diet, Fitness assessment, NotOAChecked
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B400 Nutrition
B Subjects allied to Medicine > B120 Physiology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Sport and Exercise Science
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ID Code:14753
Deposited On:22 Aug 2014 12:19

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