What are the factors that influence parental stress when caring for a child with an intellectual disability? A critical literature review

Biswas, Sanchia and Moghaddam, Nima and Tickle, Anna (2015) What are the factors that influence parental stress when caring for a child with an intellectual disability? A critical literature review. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities . ISSN 2047-3869

Full text not available from this repository.

Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

Objectives:
This article critically reviewed empirical studies identifying factors that may influence parental stress when caring for a child with an intellectual disability. Understanding the factors influencing parental stress is important for several reasons, which include improving parental/child quality of life, supporting parental needs, and thus reducing potential economic burden in the long term. This review is also imperative for ensuring high quality research within this field.
Method:
AMED, CINAHL Plus (EBSCOhost), EMBASE, Medline and PsycINFO were accessed to conduct a critical literature review. A total of 17 articles were reviewed. A bespoke quality assessment tool was developed to examine the susceptibility to bias for each of the included studies.
Results:
The review outlined a range of child, parent and socio-environmental factors that may influence parental stress. More specifically, factors associated with greater parental stress included child behavioural difficulties (e.g. challenging behaviour), ineffective parental coping strategies (including avoidance and self-blame), and poor family environment (e.g. lack of cohesion amongst family members). These factors are critically discussed alongside contrasting evidence that was illuminated within this review.
Conclusions:
Parents of a child with an intellectual disability are not a homogenous group and are likely to show variability in the factors that affect their stress levels. Future clinical and research implications are proposed in light of the methodological limitations identified within the studies reviewed. For example, future research could investigate the bi-directional effects that occur between variables; how specific factors influence parental stress; and potential mediating/moderating factors of parenting stress.

Keywords:intellectual disability, stress, parenting, Learning disability, Systematic review, bmjgoldcheck, NotOAChecked
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C810 Applied Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C840 Clinical Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
Related URLs:
ID Code:14286
Deposited On:10 Jun 2014 10:48

Repository Staff Only: item control page