Unsupported Ti-Co and Zr-Co bonds in heterobimetallic complexes: a theoretical description of metal-metal bond polarity

Jansen, Georg and Schubart, Martin and Findeis, Bernd and Gade, Lutz H. and Scowen, Ian J. and McPartlin, Mary (1998) Unsupported Ti-Co and Zr-Co bonds in heterobimetallic complexes: a theoretical description of metal-metal bond polarity. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 120 (29). pp. 7239-7251. ISSN 0002-7863

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja974160v

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

The synthesis, structural, and theoretical characterization of heterobimetallic complexes CH3Si-{SiMe2N(4-CH3C6H4)}3M-Co(CO)3(L) (M = Ti, Zr; L = CO, PPh3, PTol3) with unsupported metal-metal bonds between cobalt atoms and titanium or zirconium atoms is being reported. The synthesis of the dinuclear compounds was achieved by salt metathesis of the chlorotitanium and zirconium complexes and the alkalimetal carbonylates. X- ray crystal structure analyses of four of these heterobimetallic complexes established the unsupported metal-metal bonds M = Ti, L = CO (3): 2.554(1) Ã ; M = Ti, L = PTol3 (4b): 2.473(4) Ã ; M = Zr, L = CO (5): 2.705(1) Ã ; M = Zr, L = PPh3 (6a): 2.617(1) Ã as well as the 3-fold molecular symmetries. Upon axial phosphine substitution, a metal-metal bond contraction of ca. 0.08 Ã is observed, which also results in the quantum chemical structure optimizations performed on the model compounds (H2N)3-Ti- Co(CO)4 (3x) and (H2N)3Ti-Co(CO)3(PH3) (4x) using gradient-corrected and hybrid density functionals. A theoretical study of the homolytic dissociation of the metal-metal bonds focuses on the relaxation energies of the complex fragments and indicates that the geometrical constraints imposed by the tripod ligand lead to a major thermodynamic contribution to the stability of the experimentally investigated complexes. The central question of the polarity of the metal-metal bond is addressed by detailed analysis of the calculated electron charge distribution using natural population analysis (NPA), charge decomposition analysis (CDA), Bader's atoms in molecules (AIM) theory, and the electron localization function (ELF). Both the orbital-based NPA and CDA schemes and the essentially orbital-independent AIM and ELF analysis suggest a description of the Ti-Co bond as being a highly polar covalent single bond. The combination of AIM and ELF is employed for the first time to analyze metal-metal bond polarity and appears to be a powerful theoretical tool for the description of bond polarity in potentially ambiguous situations.

Keywords:cobalt derivative, titanium derivative, zirconium derivative, article, chemical reaction, chemical structure, crystal structure, geometry, synthesis, thermodynamics, X ray crystallography
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F100 Chemistry
Divisions:College of Science > School of Chemistry
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ID Code:13075
Deposited On:01 Jun 2015 09:15

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