Cloning and characterization of DGAT1 gene of Riverine buffalo

Venkatachalapathy, R. T. and Sharma, A. and Sukla, S. and Bhattacharya, T. K. (2008) Cloning and characterization of DGAT1 gene of Riverine buffalo. Mitochondrial DNA, 19 (3). pp. 177-184. ISSN 1940-1736

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10425170701461748

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

The present study was carried out to characterize the DGAT1 gene of Riverine buffalo. Total RNA was extracted from the mammary tissue of buffalo and DGAT1cDNA were synthesized by RT-PCR, then cloned using pDRIVE cloning vector and sequenced. The sequencing revealed that the size of DGAT1 gene was 1470 bp with GC content of 62.30%. The gene encoded for 489 amino acid precursors and that it possessed 32 amino acids signal peptide. The similarity of buffalo DGAT1 mRNA sequence with that of cattle, pig, monkey, human, mice and rat were determined as 98.4, 90.7, 85.4, 85.0, 77.4 and 77.1%, respectively. Phylogenetic tree constructed from the derived DGAT1 protein sequences of 15 different species illustrated a unique branches for mammals, fly, nematode and plants. Among mammals, cattle and buffalo grouped together, whereas swine formed another group in the same branch. Four motifs were predicted in buffalo DGAT1 peptide sequence, one N-linked glycosylation site (246th position), two putative tyrosine phosphorylation site (316 and 261), one putative diacylglycerol binding site (382–392 amino acid position) and a conserved domain MBOAT (membrane bound acyl transferase from 150 to 474 amino acids) with a histidine as an active residue.

Keywords:Buffalo, DGAT1 gene, Cloning, Sequencing, Phylogenetic tree
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C432 Veterinary Genetics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:12920
Deposited On:10 Jan 2014 09:12

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