Current attachment representations of incarcerated offenders varying in degree of psychopathy

Frodi, Ann and Dernevik, Mats and Sepa, Anneli and Philipson, Johanna and Bragesjö, Maria (2001) Current attachment representations of incarcerated offenders varying in degree of psychopathy. Attachment and Human Development, 3 (3). pp. 269-283. ISSN 1461-6734

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616730110096889

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

The present study sought to examine the current mental representations of early attachment relationships in 24 psychopathic criminal offenders, incarcerated in a forensic psychiatric hospital or a medium-security prison. The participants had been assessed on Hare's Psychopathy Checklist, Revised: Screening Version (PCL-R, sv, 1997) and scored either high or low. They were interviewed with the Main and Goldwyn Adult Attachment Interview (1998) and completed the EMBU, a Swedish self-report questionnaire tapping memories of the parent's rearing techniques. The results pointed to an extensive over-representation of individuals who were dismissing of attachment and attachment-related experiences (close to three times as many as in the normal population), no secure individuals, and with the remainder being either unclassifiable or unresolved with regard to severe early abuse/trauma. In addition, an examination of the EMBU data revealed an association between a higher psychopathy score and a family constellation of a rejecting father and an emotionally very warm (idealized) mother. The discussion will focus on the unique discourse of the dismissing individuals and on clinical implications.

Keywords:adult, article, child parent relation, human, male, mental disease, methodology, middle aged, object relation, psychologic test, psychological aspect, psychopathy, questionnaire, Sweden, violence, Adult, Antisocial Personality Disorder, Humans, Interview, Psychological, Mental Disorders, Object Attachment, Parent-Child Relations, Psychopathology, Questionnaires, Violence
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B760 Mental Health Nursing
L Social studies > L231 Public Administration
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
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ID Code:12892
Deposited On:17 Jan 2014 14:37

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