Functional brain organization of preparatory attentional control in visual search

Bourke, Patrick and Brown, Steven and Ngan, Elton and Liotti, Mario (2013) Functional brain organization of preparatory attentional control in visual search. Brain Research, 1530 . pp. 32-43. ISSN 0006-8993

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2013.07.032

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Abstract

Looking for an object that may be present in a cluttered visual display requires an advanced specification of that object to be created and then matched against the incoming visual input. Here, fast event-related fMRI was used to identify the brain networks that are active when preparing to search for a visual target. By isolating the preparation phase of the task it has been possible to show that for an identical stimulus, different patterns of cortical activation occur depending on whether participants anticipate a 'feature' or a 'conjunction' search task. When anticipating a conjunction search task, there was more robust activation in ventral occipital areas, new activity in the transverse occipital sulci and right posterior intraparietal sulcus. In addition, preparing for either type of search activated ventral striatum and lateral cerebellum. These results suggest that when participants anticipate a demanding search task, they develop a different advanced representation of a visually identical target stimulus compared to when they anticipate a nondemanding search. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Additional Information:Available online 26 July 2013
Keywords:Visual-search, Template, Preparatory, Representation, fMRI, Sensory-motor
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C850 Cognitive Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:11618
Deposited On:16 Aug 2013 12:58

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