The prevalence of mental health disorders amongst offenders on probation: a literature review

Sirdifield, Coral (2012) The prevalence of mental health disorders amongst offenders on probation: a literature review. Journal of Mental Health, 21 (5). pp. 485-498. ISSN 0963-8237

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09638237.2012.664305

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Abstract

Background There is increasing focus on addressing the mental health needs of offenders throughout the criminal justice system. However, there is currently a gap in the literature for a review of research into the prevalence of mental health disorders amongst offenders on probation.Aims To review existing literature on the prevalence of mental health disorders in probation populations in order to inform the provision of health services to this group.Method A comprehensive review of the literature on the topic to date across ASSIA, Web of Science, IBSS, CINAHL and MEDLINE databases.Results A total of 18 papers were identified. Four of these studies were based on probation approved premises, six on probation psychiatric services and eight on broader probation populations. The prevalence of mental illness reported varies widely across these papers.Conclusion One can tentatively conclude that there is a high prevalence of mental illness and high rates of co-morbidity in offenders on probation. However, variation in study settings and methodology make it difficult to reach firm conclusions on the likely prevalence of mental illness in probation populations from the existing literature. There is a need for further high-quality research in this area. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd.

Keywords:adjustment disorder, affective psychosis, alcoholism, antisocial behavior, anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder, data base, dementia, depression, developmental disorder, drug dependence, drug misuse, human, information processing, major depression, mania, mental deficiency, mental disease, mental health service, obsessive compulsive disorder, offender, personality disorder, phobia, posttraumatic stress disorder, prevalence, probation, psychosis, review, schizophrenia, Adolescent, Adult, Community Mental Health Services, Comorbidity, Cooperative Behavior, Criminal Law, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Great Britain, Health Services Accessibility, Health Services Needs and Demand, Health Surveys, Humans, Interdisciplinary Communication, Male, Mental Disorders, Middle Aged, Patient Discharge, Prisoners, Referral and Consultation, Social Stigma, State Medicine, Young Adult
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B990 Subjects Allied to Medicine not elsewhere classified
L Social studies > L560 Probation/After Care
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Health & Social Care
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ID Code:10861
Deposited On:18 Dec 2013 15:15

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