Measuring the solar potential of a city and its implications for energy policy

Byrd, Hugh and Ho, Anna and Sharp, Basil and Kumar-Nair, Nirmal (2013) Measuring the solar potential of a city and its implications for energy policy. Journal of Energy Policy, 61 . pp. 944-952. ISSN 0301-4215

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Abstract

This research investigates the maximum potential energy that can be made available by efficiently installing photovoltaic (PV) systems on buildings throughout a city, from the central business district (CBD) out to low density suburbs. The purpose of this is to evaluate the contribution that electricity from PVs can make to reduce the electricity load of a city, supply the needs of a mixture of building types, reduce peak electricity demand and contribute towards the charging of electric vehicles (EVs). Having established the maximum potential, intermediate stages in PV penetration can be backcasted. The results indicate that low dense suburbia is not only the most efficient collector of solar energy but that enough excess electricity can be generated to power daily transport needs of suburbia and also contribute to peak daytime electrical loads in the city centre. This challenges conventional thinking that suburbia is energy inefficient. While a compact city may be more efficient for the internal combustion engine vehicles, a dispersed city is more efficient when distributed generation of electricity by PVs is the main energy source and EVs are the means of transport.

Additional Information:Published online 6th July 2013
Keywords:photovoltaics, urban form, electric vehicles
Subjects:K Architecture, Building and Planning > K421 Urban Planning
H Engineering > H631 Electrical Power Generation
J Technologies > J910 Energy Technologies
Divisions:College of Arts > School of Architecture & Design > School of Architecture & Design (Architecture)
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http://purl.org/dc/terms/isReferencedbyhttp://eprints.lincoln.ac.uk/17563/
ID Code:10690
Deposited On:08 Jul 2013 17:54

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