Malaysia, urbanization and de-industrialization: will there be a reversal migration from city to kampong?

Hussain, Nur Huzeima Mohd and Byrd, Hugh (2013) Malaysia, urbanization and de-industrialization: will there be a reversal migration from city to kampong? In: Advancing innovative knowledge towards a resilient future. Victoria University, Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand. ISBN 9780475124111

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Abstract

Malaysia is a developing country that experienced rapid growth within the past 30 years. Having natural resources namely oil and gas from the South China Sea together with encouraging Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) opportunity through globalization had fuelled Malaysia economy and improved the society live and livelihoods. However, the recent issues of depleting resources and competition from neighboring countries on FDI have led to de-industrialization.
Without industry; the society job, income, food and safe environment will become insecure. Will people choose to survive with the economic hardship in cities or work on the land prosperity again? This paper will address the push and pull factor that have led to urbanization and subsequently, de-industrialization through established references. It is aimed to highlight what alternative that Malaysia has if de-urbanization occurs.
The concern is to discuss the limits of the city growth and look into the Malaysia uniqueness in having the reserve land legislation as the solution for potential de-urbanization. It will analyze by the use of a case study to compare the capacity of the land within kampong and the cities, for the people to once again live from the land; to return from the cities to kampong.

Keywords:kampong, urbanization, de-industrialization, de-urbanization and rural-urban migration.
Subjects:L Social studies > L420 International Social Policy
K Architecture, Building and Planning > K420 Urban and Rural Planning
Divisions:College of Arts > School of Architecture & Design > School of Architecture & Design (Architecture)
ID Code:10656
Deposited On:04 Jul 2013 08:27

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