Predictive learning, prediction errors and attention: evidence from event-related potentials and eye tracking

Wills, A. J. and Lavric, A. and Croft, G. S. and Hodgson, T. L. (2007) Predictive learning, prediction errors and attention: evidence from event-related potentials and eye tracking. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19 (5). pp. 843-854. ISSN 0898-929X

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/jocn.2007.19.5.843

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

Prediction error ("surprise") affects the rate of learning: We learn more rapidly about cues for which we initially make incorrect predictions than cues for which our initial predictions are correct. The current studies employ electrophysiological measures to reveal early attentional differentiation of events that differ in their previous involvement in errors of predictive judgment. Error-related events attract more attention, as evidenced by features of event-related scalp potentials previously implicated in selective visual attention (selection negativity, augmented anterior N1). The earliest differences detected occurred around 120 msec after stimulus onset, and distributed source localization (LORETA) indicated that the inferior temporal regions were one source of the earliest differences. In addition, stimuli associated with the production of prediction errors show higher dwell times in an eye-tracking procedure. Our data support the view that early attentional processes play a role in human associative learning. © 2007 Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Keywords:adult, article, clinical article, controlled study, electrophysiology, error, event related potential, evoked visual response, eye tracking, female, human, human experiment, learning, male, normal human, prediction, priority journal, selective attention, temporal lobe, visual discrimination, visual memory, visual orientation, visual stimulation, Adolescent, Analysis of Variance, Association Learning, Attention, Evoked Potentials, Eye Movements, Forecasting, Humans, Middle Aged, Probability Learning, Reference Values
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C840 Clinical Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
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ID Code:10530
Deposited On:12 Jul 2013 14:48

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